New York State Senator
Roosevelt cared little for the practice of law and told friends he planned to enter politics. Despite his admiration for cousin Theodore, Franklin shared his father’s bond with the Democratic Party, and prior to the 1910 elections, the party recruited Roosevelt to run for a seat in the New York State Assembly. Roosevelt was a compelling recruit for the party. standing in opposition to his prominent cousin he also brought the ability to pay for his own campaign. But Roosevelt’s campaign for the state assembly ended after the Democratic incumbent, Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler, chose to seek re-election. Rather than putting his political hopes on hold, Roosevelt ran for a seat in the state senate. The senate district, located in Dutchess, Columbia, and Putnam, was strongly Republican. Roosevelt feared that opposition from Theodore could end his campaign, but Theodore encouraged his candidacy despite their party differences. Acting as his own campaign manager, Roosevelt traveled throughout the senate district via automobile at a time when many could not afford cars. Due to his aggressive campaign, his name recognition in the Hudson Valley, and the Democratic landslide in the 1910 United States elections, Roosevelt won a surprising victory.
Category: Franklin D Roosevelt Presidential Library And Museum
|View all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap||41.768680 -73.934115|
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and MuseumBiblioteca y Museo Presidencial de Franklin D. Rooseveltmusée et la bibliothèque présidentielle Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum
|Presidential library and museum for U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, located in Hyde Park, New York image|
What Can You Find In Franklin
Digital copies of significant documents and photographs from the archives of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library & Museum. FRANKLIN hosts over 800,000 pages of archival documents and 2,500 historical photographs, along with many detailed descriptions of archival collections not yet digitized. Users can search the digital collections by keyword or go directly browse the full lists of digitized archival folders in a virtual research room environment. Documents include Franklin and Eleanor Rooseveltâs New Deal and wartime correspondence with world leaders, government administrators, and regular Americans. Photographs include public domain images of the Roosevelts throughout their respective lifetimes, as well as subject areas like the Great Depression, New Deal, and World War II.
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Education And Early Career
Frequent trips to Europebeginning at age two and from age seven to fifteenhelped Roosevelt become conversant in German and French. Except for attending public school in Germany at age nine, Roosevelt was home-schooled by tutors until age 14. He then attended Groton School, an Episcopal boarding school in Groton, Massachusetts. He was not among the more popular Groton students, who were better athletes and had rebellious streaks. Its headmaster, Endicott Peabody, preached the duty of Christians to help the less fortunate and urged his students to enter public service. Peabody remained a strong influence throughout Roosevelt’s life, officiating at his wedding and visiting him as president.
Like most of his Groton classmates, Roosevelt went to Harvard College. He was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity and the Fly Club, and served as a school cheerleader. Roosevelt was relatively undistinguished as a student or athlete, but he became editor-in-chief of The Harvard Crimson daily newspaper, a position that required ambition, energy, and the ability to manage others. He later said, “I took economics courses in college for four years, and everything I was taught was wrong.”
Library And Museum Permanent Exhibits
Permanent exhibits tell the story of the Roosevelt presidencybeginning in the depths of the Great Depression and continuing through the New Deal and World War IIand emphasize both Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelts relationship with the American people. Special interactive exhibits, immersive audiovisual theaters, and rarely seen artifacts bring the Roosevelt era to life, delivering a New Deal to a New Generation.
Franklin D Roosevelt Presidential Library, Location: Hyde Park NY, Architect: EYPArchitecture & Engineering
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Behind The Scenes Area
The museum houses and preserves more than 35,000 objects, only a small portion of which the museum can display. To expand what visitors can see, the walls of some of the storage rooms have been opened in a Behind the Scenes Area. Visitors can now see FDRs collection of more than 400 model ships, paintings, sculptures, and furniture.
Campaign For Vice President
Roosevelt’s plan for Hoover to run for the nomination fell through after Hoover publicly declared himself to be a Republican, but Roosevelt decided to seek the 1920 vice presidential nomination. After Governor James M. Cox of Ohio won the party’s presidential nomination at the 1920 Democratic National Convention, he chose Roosevelt as his running mate, and the convention nominated him by acclamation. Although his nomination surprised most people, he balanced the ticket as a moderate, a Wilsonian, and a prohibitionist with a famous name. Roosevelt, then 38, resigned as Assistant Secretary after the Democratic convention and campaigned across the nation for the party ticket.
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The Franklin D Roosevelt Presidential Library And Museum
The Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum fosters research and education on the life and times of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, as well as their continuing impact on contemporary life.
Committed to preserving and advancing the legacy of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt, the Roosevelt Institute supports and promotes the Roosevelts inspiring message of hope, resilience, and visionary change. From FDRs New Dealwhich included the Social Security Act that created unemployment and disability insurance and ensured a baseline of retirement security for Americansto Eleanor Roosevelts pioneering work on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Roosevelts accomplishments have shaped the very fabric of our nation and are still vital today.
The Roosevelt Institute is the nonprofit partner to the National Archives-run Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, the nations first presidential library. The Roosevelt Institute provides financial support for the library and museum in areas that the federal government cannot, including special exhibits, education, and public programs.
Democracy cannot succeed unless those who express their choice are prepared to choose wisely. The real safeguard of democracy, therefore, is educationto prepare each citizen to choose wisely and to enable him to choose freely are paramount functions of the schools in a democracy.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
First And Second Terms
Inaugural speechProblems playing this file? See media help.
When Roosevelt was inaugurated on March 4, 1933, the U.S. was at the nadir of the worst depression in its history. A quarter of the workforce was unemployed, and farmers were in deep trouble as prices had fallen by 60%. Industrial production had fallen by more than half since 1929. Two million people were homeless. By the evening of March 4, 32 of the 48 states as well as the District of Columbia had closed their banks.
Historians categorized Roosevelt’s program as “relief, recovery, and reform.” Relief was urgently needed by tens of millions of unemployed. Recovery meant boosting the economy back to normal, and reform was required of the financial and banking systems. Through Roosevelt’s series of fireside chats, he presented his proposals directly to the American public. Energized by his own victory over paralytic illness, he used a persistent optimism and activism to renew the national spirit.
First New Deal
Second New Deal
Supreme Court fight and second term legislation
|Wiley Blount Rutledge||19431949|
Conservation and the environment
GNP and unemployment rates
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Third And Fourth Terms
World War II dominated Roosevelt’s attention, with far more time devoted to world affairs than ever before. Domestic politics and relations with Congress were largely shaped by his efforts to achieve total mobilization of the nation’s economic, financial, and institutional resources for the war effort. Even relationships with Latin America and Canada were structured by wartime demands. Roosevelt maintained close personal control of all major diplomatic and military decisions, working closely with his generals and admirals, the war and Navy departments, the British, and even with the Soviet Union. His key advisors on diplomacy were Harry Hopkins , Sumner Welles , and Henry Morgenthau Jr. at Treasury. In military affairs, Roosevelt worked most closely with Secretary Henry L. Stimson at the War Department, Army Chief of Staff George Marshall, and Admiral William D. Leahy.
Lead-up to the war
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Pearl Harbor and declarations of war
Prince of Wales
Course of the war
How Presidential Library Explorer Numbers Are Calculated
The number of scans online uses file counts accessed via the National Archives Catalog API.
The estimated total pages in each Library is calculated by taking the volume of textual records and multiplying by an average of 2,500 pages of records per cubic foot. The 2,500 page average coming from historical capacity estimates for a Federal Records Center box used to store archival documents.
The percent of scanned textual pages online equals scans online / estimated total pages.
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Civil Rights Repatriation Internment And The Jews
Roosevelt was viewed as a hero by many African Americans, Catholics, and Jews, and he was highly successful in attracting large majorities of these voters into his New Deal coalition. Roosevelt won strong support from Chinese Americans and Filipino Americans, but not Japanese Americans, as he presided over their internment during World War II. African Americans and Native Americans fared well in two New Deal relief programs, the Civilian Conservation Corps and the Indian Reorganization Act, respectively. Sitkoff reports that the WPA “provided an economic floor for the whole black community in the 1930s, rivaling both agriculture and domestic service as the chief source” of income.
When You Visit Or Contact The Archives
Visiting in PersonWhen you visit, an archivist at the research room reference desk will assist you. He or she will help you identify the collections most relevant to your topic and help you request the materials you seek. We recommend that you begin your research prior to your in-person visit by using our online finding aids and other sources. The more you know about your topic, its historical context including names, dates, etc., the more efficient and effective your research in the archives will be. The Library staff is happy to answer questions about our holdings and resources.
To save time, your Researcher Application can be printed off, filled out, and brought with you when you come for your in-person visit. Researcher cards cannot be issued in advance by mail because photo ID is required at the time of application.
If you are unsure as to whether our archival holdings contain enough material to warrant an in-person research visit, you may wish to Contact the Archives before making your travel plans.
Via Ask the Archivist, Telephone, Email, or Postal MailThe Library will provide answers to specific questions received by telephone, email, fax, or postal mail if we can answer your question in a minimal amount of time. Our staff cannot conduct extensive research for you. Photocopies of specific documents or entire folders may also be ordered for a small fee. The most efficient way to contact the Library for research inquiries is by email: .
Paralytic Illness And Political Comeback
After the election, Roosevelt returned to New York City, where he practiced law and served as a vice president of the Fidelity and Deposit Company. He also sought to build support for a political comeback in the 1922 elections, but his career was derailed by illness. While the Roosevelts were vacationing at Campobello Island in August 1921, he fell ill. His main symptoms were fever symmetric, ascending paralysis facial paralysis bowel and bladder dysfunction numbness and hyperesthesia and a descending pattern of recovery. Roosevelt was left permanently paralyzed from the waist down. He was diagnosed with polio. Armond S. Goldman and Daniel A. Goldman wrote in 2017 that his symptoms were more consistent with GuillainBarré syndrome.
Beginning in 1925, Roosevelt spent most of his time in the Southern United States, at first on his houseboat, the Larooco. Intrigued by the potential benefits of hydrotherapy, he established a rehabilitation center at Warm Springs, Georgia, in 1926. To create the rehabilitation center, he assembled a staff of physical therapists and used most of his inheritance to purchase the Merriweather Inn. In 1938, he founded the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, leading to the development of polio vaccines.
About The Presidential Library Explorer Numbers
The Presidential Library Explorer data visualization is based on a count of the scans of textual pages available through the National Archives Catalog and an estimate of the total number of textual pages currently in Presidential Library holdings. Numbers will be updated monthly to reflect new additions to the Catalog and future iterations of the Explorer will provide additional data on records types other than textual records.
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Franklin D Roosevelt Presidential Library And Museum
|Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library|
|Entrance To Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site|
|Dedicated on 30 June 1941|
The Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum holds the records of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the 32ndpresident of the United States . Located on the grounds of Springwood, the Roosevelt family estate in Hyde Park, New York, the library was built under the President’s personal direction in 19391940, and dedicated on June 30, 1941. It is the first presidential library in the United States and one of the thirteen presidential libraries under the auspices of the National Archives and Records Administration.
Things To Know Before You Go
- Ticket options include admission to just the library and museum or a combo ticket that includes a tour of the Roosevelt home all library and museum tickets are valid for two consecutive days.
- Admission is free for children aged 15 and under.
- Free WiFi is available on-site.
- The site is wheelchair accessible.
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Assistant Secretary Of The Navy
Roosevelt’s support of Wilson led to his appointment in March 1913 as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, the second-ranking official in the Navy Department after Secretary Josephus Daniels. Roosevelt had an affection for the Navy, was well-read on the subject, and was a most ardent supporter of a large, efficient force. With Wilson’s support, Daniels and Roosevelt instituted a merit-based promotion system and made other reforms to extend civilian control over the autonomous departments of the Navy. Roosevelt oversaw the Navy’s civilian employees and earned the respect of union leaders for his fairness in resolving disputes. No strikes occurred during his seven-plus years in the office, as he gained valuable experience in labor issues, wartime management, naval issues, and logistics.
Roosevelt refocused on the Navy Department, as World War I broke out in July 1914. Though he remained publicly supportive of Wilson, Roosevelt sympathized with the Preparedness Movement, whose leaders strongly favored the Allied Powers and called for a military build-up. The Wilson administration initiated an expansion of the Navy after the sinking of the RMS Lusitania by a German submarine, and Roosevelt helped establish the United States Navy Reserve and the Council of National Defense. In April 1917, after Germany declared it would engage in unrestricted submarine warfare and attacked several U.S. ships, Congress approved the .
Transition And Assassination Attempt
Roosevelt was elected in November 1932 but, like his predecessors, did not take office until the following March. After the election, President Hoover sought to convince Roosevelt to renounce much of his campaign platform and to endorse the Hoover administration’s policies. Roosevelt refused Hoover’s request to develop a joint program to stop the economic decline, claiming that it would tie his hands and that Hoover had the power to act.
During the transition, Roosevelt chose Howe as his chief of staff, and Farley as Postmaster General. Frances Perkins, as Secretary of Labor, became the first woman appointed to a cabinet position.William H. Woodin, a Republican industrialist close to Roosevelt, was the choice for Secretary of the Treasury, while Roosevelt chose Senator Cordell Hull of Tennessee as Secretary of State. Harold L. Ickes and Henry A. Wallace, two progressive Republicans, were selected for the roles of Secretary of the Interior and Secretary of Agriculture, respectively.
In February 1933, Roosevelt escaped an assassination attempt by Giuseppe Zangara, who expressed a “hate for all rulers.” As he was attempting to shoot Roosevelt, Zangara was struck by a woman with her purse he instead mortally wounded Chicago Mayor Anton Cermak, who was sitting alongside Roosevelt.
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