The Whitney Museum Of American Art In New York
Along with the Metropolitan Museum of Art and MoMA, the Whitney Museum of American Art is one of the most popular and important museums in New York. Entirely dedicated to 20th-century and contemporary American art, it is located in Lower Manhattan in a beautiful modern building designed by the Italian architect Renzo Piano, who is known worldwide for his refined and delicate approach to building.
The Whitney Museum of American Art was founded by the American sculptor and art patron Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney in 1930 and first opened its doors a year later. At the time, the Museum was located on West Eighth Street but then moved to the Upper East Side and finally downtown to its current building on Gansevoort Street.
The Whitney is a unique museum in many ways. It was the first one to present a comprehensive exhibition of a video artist in New York. It was in 1982, and the solo show was dedicated to the work of the Korean American artist Nam June Paik. The Whitney was also the first art museum with a focus on works by living American artists. Cindy Sherman, Glenn Ligon, Paul Thek, Jay DeFeo, and Jasper Johns are just some of the artists who had their first museum exhibitions at the Whitney.
Review: Hlio Oiticica: To Organize Delirium
Museums seldom encourage substance abuse, but the Whitneys terrific show of Hélio Oiticica comes close. This retrospective devotes much of its real estate to the space-filling, immersive installations that are the Brazilian artists most impressive achievements, along with the work he produced in 70s New York in which he obsessed over sex, drugs and rock & roll. Perhaps his greatest American creation, 1973s CC5 Hendrix-War, features hammocks strung across a room where Jimi Hendrixs War Heroes plays on speakers and a slide show projects images of the album cover adorned with lines of cocaine on the ceilings and walls. Never realized during his lifetimethe museum reconstructed it using his written instructions and 35-millimeter slidesCC5 Hendrix-War is a time-traveling treat that lets you sway in a hammock while watching a vintage son et lumière. Photograph: Ron Amstutz Oiticica began as a modernist in his native Rio de Janeiro. At the end of the 1950s, he joined the Neo-Concrete Group along with Lygia Pape and Lygia Clark, fellow artists interested in expanding abstraction into everyday life. By 1960 he had built PN1 Penetrable, a structure composed of wooden panels in shades of mustard and burnt orange that reenvisions monochrome painting as a walk-in closet by inviting spectators to enter the piece.Photograph: Ron AmstutzIn the late 1960s, Oiticica began creating expansive environmental installations. Tropicália and Ed
Whitney Museum Of American Art New Building News
Whitney Museum of American Art New Building is an American Architecture Awards Winner in 2017
One of seventy-nine shortlisted buildings that have won the prestigious 2017 American Architecture Awards ® for the best new buildings designed and constructed by American architects in the U.S. and abroad and by international architects for buildings designed and built in the United States.
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Tickets On Sale For Jasper Johns Retrospective At Whitney Museum
Tickets Now Available For Jasper Johns: Mind/Mirror – Unprecedented Double Retrospective Debuts At The Whitney Museum And Philadelphia Museum Of Art On September 29
New York, New York– – Tickets for Jasper Johns: Mind/Mirror, the most ambitious retrospective to date of the work of Jasper Johns, are now available for advance purchase at whitney.org and philamuseum.org. Co-organized by the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York and the Philadelphia Museum of Art, Jasper Johns: Mind/Mirror is a single exhibition in two venues, filling almost 30,000 combined square feet. This unprecedented collaboration is the artist’s first major museum retrospective on the East Coast in nearly a quarter century and will feature more than 500 works, including paintings, sculptures, drawings, and prints. Presented simultaneously at the Whitney and the Philadelphia of Museum of Art, Jasper Johns: Mind/Mirror opens on September 29, 2021 and will be on view through February 13, 2022.
Jasper Johns, Racing Thoughts, 1983. Encaustic and collage on canvas, 48 1/8 × 75 3/8 in. Whitney Museum of American Art, New York © 2021 Jasper Johns / Licensed by VAGA at Artists Rights Society , New York.To view an enhanced version of this graphic, please visit:
Media ContactCompany Name: Whitney Museum of American ArtContact Person: Press Office
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Move To The Upper East Side
In 1961, the Whitney began seeking a site for a larger building. In 1966, it settled at the southeast corner of Madison Avenue and 75th Street on Manhattan‘s Upper East Side. The building, planned and built 19631966 by and Hamilton P. Smith in a distinctively modern style, is easily distinguished from the neighboring townhouses by its staircase façade made of granite stones and its trapezoidal windows. In 1967, Mauricio Lasansky showed “The Nazi Drawings”. The exhibition traveled to the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York, where it appeared with shows by Louise Nevelson and Andrew Wyeth as the first exhibits in the new museum.
The Whitney developed a new main building, designed by Renzo Piano, in the West Village and Meatpacking District in lower Manhattan. The new museum, at the intersection of Gansevoort and Washington Streets, was built on a previously city-owned site and marks the southern entrance to the High Line park. Construction began in 2010 and was completed in 2015. It cost $422 million.
The new building is much more expansive and open than the old ones. As one New York Times review described the building:
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The Whitney Museum Store
The Whitney Museum Store offers one of the country’s finest selections of art books and exhibition catalogues related to twentieth-century American art, as well as an unusual array of household objects, Americana, stationery, posters, T-shirts, toys, educational products for children, and other distinctive gifts.
– Reviews of Whitney Museum
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New: Neighborhood Friends Initiative
The Whitney is committed to being an integral part of our vibrant downtown community. In order to work more closely and deeply with K12 schools in the area, we have started a new initiative called Neighborhood Friends. This initiative is open to all schools in District 2 and in Manhattan south of 23rd Street.
Review: David Wojnarowicz At The Whitney Museum
David Wojnarowicz is usually remembered as a firebrand, raging in his incendiary art and writings against the hypocrisy and cruelty of American society. He was especially vituperative towards the homophobia and malignant neglect that precipitated the AIDS crisis in the late 1980s, which decimated gay men and the downtown New York art world, and killed the artist himself in 1992 at 37. But this beautifully curated retrospective does more than just give us the raw power of his jeremiads: It balances them with the romantic, poetic and visionary side of his work that is too often forgotten. David Wojnarowicz, Arthur Rimbaud in New York, 197879,Photograph: Courtesy the Estate of David Wojnarowicz and P.P.O.W., New York. Wojnarowicz grew up suffering abuse in a broken home and survived his teenage years as a homeless sex worker. Keenly attuned to callousness and injustice, he made himself the measure of all things in his art. In an early series of photographs, Arthur Rimbaud in New York , Wojnarowicz took black-and-white photos of various friends wearing a photocopied mask of the French Symbolist poet Arthur Rimbaud as they went about their businessriding the subway, eating at a diner, shooting up, masturbating in bedmaking it appear as if Rimbaud himself was living a wastrel life in the city. Though Wojnarowicz never wore the mask
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Th And 18th Centuries
In 1664, the English and it “” after the and the city of in .
At that time, people of African descent made up 20% of the population of the city, with European settlers numbering approximately 1,500,:14 and people of African descent numbering 375 .:22 While it has been claimed that African slaves comprised 40% of the small population of the city at that time, this claim has not been substantiated. During the mid 1600s, farms of free blacks covered 130 acres where later developed.
The Dutch , renaming the city “”, before permanently ceding the colony of to the English for what is now in November 1674.
The new English rulers of the formerly Dutch New Amsterdam and New Netherland renamed the settlement back to New York. As the colony grew and prospered, sentiment also grew for greater autonomy. In the context of the in England, led and effectively controlled the city and surrounding areas from 1689 to 1691, before being arrested and executed.
By 1700, the Lenape population of New York had diminished to 200. By 1703, 42% of households in New York had slaves, a higher percentage than in or .
The 1735 trial of in the city was a seminal influence on in North America. It would be a standard for the basic articles of freedom in the .
In 1754, was founded under by as King’s College in Lower Manhattan.
In 1771, was established along the Hudson River shoreline on land donated by , and replaced by in 1813.
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Whitney Museum More Info
The Whitney Museum of American Art is the worlds leading museum of twentieth-century and contemporary art of the United States. Founded by sculptor and arts patron Gertude Vanderbilt Whitney, the Museum opened its doors on West Eight Street in Greenwich Village in 1931. The Whitney later moved uptown and was, until 2015, housed in a Marcel Breuer-designed building on Madison Avenue at 75th Street. Now, the Museum has retuned downtown to a new building designed by Renzo Piano.
- Address: 99 Gansevoort St, New York, NY 10014
- Website: www.whitney.org
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World War I And Its Aftermath
During , Gertrude Whitney dedicated a great deal of her time and money to various relief efforts, establishing and maintaining a fully operational hospital for wounded soldiers in , about 35 kilometres northwest of Paris in France.
While at this hospital, Gertrude Whitney made drawings of the soldiers which became plans for her memorials in New York City. Her work prior to the war had a much less realistic style, which she strayed away from to give the work a more serious feeling. In 1915, her brother perished in the sinking of the .
She completed a series of smaller pieces realistically depicting soldiers in wartime, but her smaller works were not seen as particularly significant during her lifetime. Since her death critics have recognized the expert craftsmanship of her smaller works.
In addition to participating in shows with other artists, Whitney held a number of solo exhibitions during her career. These included a show of her wartime sculptures at her Eighth Street Studio in November 1919 a show at the , March 1 to April 15, 1923 and one in New York City, March 1728, 1936. The majority of works created in this period of her work were made in her studio in Paris. The held a commemorative show of her works in 1943.
Whitney Museum Of American Art
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|Architect||Auguste L. Noel of Noel & Miller|
|Designated NHL||April 27, 1992|
The Whitney Museum of American Art original building is a collection of three 1838 rowhouses located at 812 West 8th Street between Fifth Avenue and MacDougal Street in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. In 1907, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney established the Whitney Studio Gallery at 8 West 8th Street adjacent to her own MacDougal Alley studio. This, and the later Whitney Studio Club at 147 West 4th Street, were intended to provide young artists with places to meet and exhibit their works.
In 1918, American artist and friend Robert Winthrop Chanler was commissioned to redesign the interior of the 8th Street property, adding an allegorical bas-relief ceiling, a 20-foot-high plaster and bronze fireplace, elaborate stained glass windows, and decorative screens.
In 1929, when the Metropolitan Museum of Art rejected Whitney’s offer of the gift of nearly 500 new artworks that she had collected, Whitney established the Whitney Museum of American Art. In 1931, she had architect Auguste L. Noel of the firm of Noel & Miller convert the three row houses at 812 West 8th Street into a gallery and residence for herself, and the museum’s first home.
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Edward Hopper A Woman In The Sun 1961
The Whitney is pretty much Edward Hopper central, with a dozen or so of his works in its holdings. This painting, created late in the artists career, is one of his most iconic. The stark nakedness of the figure, plus the louche detailsthe cigarette in the subjects hands, the kicked-off high heels under the bedprovide vague hints of a walk-of-shame backstory, while the fall of bright light in which the model stands seems to deliver redemption and harsh judgment at the same time. The alienation and resignation pervading this scenethe sense that in America, you are nakedly on your ownis Hopper at his best.Photograph: Courtesy Whitney Museum NY
Education And Early Work
While visiting Europe in the early 1900s, Gertrude Whitney discovered the burgeoning art world of and in France. What she saw encouraged her to pursue her creativity and become a sculptor.
She studied at the with and . Other women students in her classes included and . In Paris she studied with and also received criticism from in Paris. Her training with sculptors of public monuments influenced her later direction. Although her catalogs include numerous smaller sculptures, she is best known today for her monumental works.
Her first public commission was Aspiration, a life-size male nude in plaster, which appeared outside the New York State Building at the in , in 1901.Initially she worked under an assumed name, fearing that she would be portrayed as a socialite and her work not taken seriously. Neither her family nor her husband were supportive of her desire to work seriously as an artist. She once told an artist friend, “Never expect Harry to take your work seriously … It never has made any difference to him that I feel as I do about art and it never will .” She believed that a man would have been taken more seriously as an artist, and that her wealth put her in a lose-lose situation: criticized if she took commissions because other artists were more needy, but blamed for undercutting the market for other artists if she was not paid.
In 1907, Whitney established an in . She also set up a studio in , a fashionable Parisian neighborhood in the XVI arrondissement.
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