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The Dream of Universal Access: Digital Libraries Come of Age

This Portal unites a number of museum collections and archival repositories in order to provide a free online research tool to discover the life and work of Marcel Duchamp. Works on this Portal are covered by copyright laws of the United States, France, or other countries, as applicable. Before entering the Portal, you must review and acknowledge the following terms:Use of works on this Portal may be restricted by applicable copyright laws of the United States, France, or other nations. Unauthorized or unlawful reproduction, redistribution, or use of any works on this site is strictly prohibited. Commercial use or exploitation of works on this Portal is strictly prohibited. All intellectual property rights are reserved by the respective rights holders. Users must comply with the Image Rights and Requests policy provided on the âAboutâ page of the Portal.

The Philadelphia Museum of Art does not warrant that use of the works and content displayed in this Portal will not infringe the rights of third parties. Please note that users are responsible for determining whether their use is fair and compliant with applicable copyright laws. PMA shall not be responsible for and disclaims any and all liability for loss, liability, damage of any kind, injury, or expense of any nature which may be suffered by any user or any third party directly or indirectly arising from their access to and use of this Portal and its contents.

Philadelphia Museum Of Art

Philadelphia Museum of Art

Main building to northwest of Center City, at Eakins Oval
Location within PhiladelphiaPhiladelphia Museum of Art Show map of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia Museum of Art Show map of the United States
Philadelphia Register of Historic Places

The Philadelphia Museum of Art is an art museum originally chartered in 1876 for the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. The main museum building was completed in 1928 on Fairmount, a hill located at the northwest end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway at Eakins Oval. The museum administers collections containing over 240,000 objects including major holdings of European, American and Asian origin. The various classes of artwork include sculpture, paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, armor, and decorative arts.

Several special exhibitions are held in the museum every year, including touring exhibitions arranged with other museums in the United States and abroad. The attendance figure for the museum was 793,000 in 2017.

Immigration And Cultural Diversity


Apart from economic growth, another factor contributing to the population increase is Philadelphia’s rising immigration rate. Like the millennial population, Philadelphia’s immigrant population is also growing rapidly. According to research by , the city’s population had increased by 69% between 2000 and 2016 to constitute nearly 20% of Philadelphia’s work force, and had doubled between 1990 and 2017 to constitute 13.8% of the city’s total population, with the top five countries of origin being China by a significant margin, followed by the , , , and .

Irish, Italian, German, , English, Russian, , and French constitute the largest ethnic groups in the city. Philadelphia has the second-largest Irish and Italian populations in the United States, after New York City. remains one of the largest neighborhoods in the country and is home to the . The neighborhood and section of South Philadelphia, home to many clubs, are well known as neighborhoods. The , , and neighborhoods have historically been heavily Irish and Polish. Port Richmond is well known in particular as the center of the Polish immigrant and community in Philadelphia, and it remains a common destination for Polish immigrants. , although known for its Irish and Irish-American population, is also home to a large and Russian population. in also contains a large Jewish community, while nearby is historically known as an community.

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In Pictures: See Marcel Duchamps Passport Christmas Cards And Sketches In An Engrossing New Online Portal About His Life And Work

The Philadelphia Museum of Art, the Association Marcel Duchamp, and the Centre Pompidou pooled their respective archives for the project.

Artnet News, January 25, 2022

Three institutions have teamed up to launch a new digital platform offering unprecedentedand freeaccess to the world of artist Marcel Duchamp.

The Duchamp Research Portal, as the new online resource is called, was formed from a seven-year partnership between the Philadelphia Museum of Art , the Association Marcel Duchamp, and the Centre Pompidou in Paris. For the project, each institutions own Duchamp archive was digitized and organized taxonomically into a single database that aims to paint a complete picture of the artists life in France and the U.S.

The portal comprises some 18,000 digitized documents and nearly 50,000 pictures relating to Duchamp. Much of the material was touched by the artists own hand, though certainly not all of it. Some objects came from those in his orbitfriends and fellow artists, as well as museum administrators like former PMA director Fiske Kimball or collectors like Walter and Louise Arensberg.

Among the paraphernalia you can now peruse online are drawings, maps, stereoscopic slides, family photos, and exhibition catalogues. There are Christmas cards written by Duchamps wife, Alexina, and letters penned to him by fellow artists Constantin Brâncui and André Breton. The archive even includes Duchamps passport photos.

The Carl Otto Kretzschmar Von Kienbusch Collection

Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, United States ...

The museum also houses the armor collection of Carl Otto Kretzschmar von Kienbusch. The Von Kienbusch collection was bequeathed by the celebrated collector to the museum in 1976, the Bicentennial Anniversary of the American Revolution. The Von Kienbusch holdings are comprehensive and include European and Southwest Asian arms and armor spanning several centuries.

On May 30, 2000, the museum and the State Art Collections in Dresden, Germany , announced an agreement for the return of five pieces of armor stolen from Dresden during World War II. In 1953, Von Kienbusch had unsuspectingly purchased the armor, which was part of his 1976 bequest. Von Kienbusch published catalogs of his collection, which eventually led Dresden authorities to bring the matter up with the museum.

Each year the museum organizes several special exhibitions. Special exhibitions have featured Salvador Dalà in 2005, in 2009, in 2010,Vincent van Gogh in 2012,Pablo Picasso in 2014,John James Audubon and Andy Warhol in 2016,Winslow Homer and John Singer Sargent in 2017, and the Duchamp siblingsâ, Gaston, Raymond and Suzanneâin 2019. A Jasper Johns exhibition is planned for 2021.

In 2009, the museum organized Bruce Nauman: Topological Gardens, the official United States entry at the 53rd International Art Exhibition, more commonly known as the Venice Biennale, for which the artist Bruce Nauman was awarded the Golden Lion.

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What’s The Best Way To Get Started

  • Start searching here by keyword or browse the collections on the right
  • Review our guide on how to use the archives
  • Consult our guide on researching the museum
  • Visit our webpage for more information
  • Consult with an archivist by emailing
  • If you know what you would like to see, please fill out this form to schedule a research appointment

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This Portal is administered by PMA. PMA uses cookies to provide and improve services on this Portal. By accessing this Portal, you agree to be bound by PMAâs Terms of Use and Cookie Policy. If you do not agree, do not access this Portal.

This web site can only be used by those who agree to the image rights policy.


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What they said

People are seeking richer online art experiences now more than ever, and this exceptional collaboration with our partners at the Centre Pompidou and the Association Marcel Duchamp, for which we are deeply grateful, offers a wealth of resources. Timothy Rub, The George D. Widener Director and CEO, Philadelphia Museum of Art

Through making these archives accessible globally, we hope that Marcel Duchamps idea of freedom will inspire visitors to the site and that they will remember that the artists life and art were one, constantly redefining borders of all kinds. Antoine Monnier, Director, Association Marcel Duchamp

No doubt Duchamp, the artist whom Jean Clair called the great fictive one would have been pleased to find himself in a virtual world created by friends. Xavier Rey, Director of the Musée national dart moderne, Centre Pompidou


Cultural Insider, Digital Strategies


The Duchamp Research Portal Digitally Unites Three Museum Archives

National Archives Benjamin Franklin exhibit on display through May 6, 2012

In 1964, towards the end of his life, Marcel Duchamp delivered the pithiest of artist statements, Je suis un respirateur. Too apt that this respirateur or breather one who creates art out of everyday life should be the keeper of a seven-decade oeuvre of abstract paintings and provocative readymades that significantly shifted the plates of Dada, Cubism, and Conceptualism.

So massive was Duchamps output that for years, his works, sketches, and papers have been scattered across the collections of various museums. But no more: this week, three institutions have merged their separate Duchamp archives for a digital resource set to illuminate one of the past centurys most seminal artists.

What happened

The Duchamp Research Portal houses nearly 50,000 digitized objects covering the artists life and work in France and the United States. Image: Marcel Duchamp Republique Française passport, October 22, 1954. Alexina and Marcel Duchamp Papers, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Library and Archives. Gift of Jacqueline, Paul and Peter Matisse in memory of their mother Alexina Duchamp, 1998.

All digital images on the Duchamp Research Portal are accompanied by associated metadata, with helpful references to other material in the archive. That means that a search of Man Rays portraits of Duchamp, say, will also connect visitors to a trove of related objects not limited to negatives, press articles, and correspondence between the artists.

Why it matters

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Digital Archivist Achieves More At The Philadelphia Museum Of Art

Philadelphia Museum of Art explains how Preservicas digital preservation system, hosted in the cloud, enables her to get more accomplished and be more successful in her role.

We recently caught up with Marge Huang, Digital Archivist at the Museum, who gave us a sneak peek of what happens behind the scenes in terms of digital preservation.

The Philadelphia Museum of Art houses a world-renowned collection in a landmark building, with a goal to bring the arts to life. The successful operation of the Museum depends on all the things that happen behind the scenes.

Museums institutional record is becoming largely electronic

The work that Marge and her team do allows staff and outside researchers to tell the stories of the Museums art collections by managing its institutional record. With Preservica, the institutional records they are preserving include audiovisual files, images, museum-related websites, and they are beginning to collect email accounts. They use Preservicas easy upload and preparation tool to make the process simple. The Preservica digital preservation system allows Marge to get more done and focus on being an archivist.

Easy-to-use Preservica is perfect for the Digital Archivist

To me, Preservica was really a one-of-a-kind compared to all the other solutions, states Marge. Other solutions had a lot of open source software, which we just dont have the technical capacity to handle on our own here.

The main museum building was completed in 1928

Zantzinger Borie & Medary

The firm collaborated with for the completed buildings , and on proposals for the and the in Kansas City. When Medary died in 1929, the firm returned to its original name. Their work was part of the in the at the .

The firm was the first recorded American employer of French-born American architect Dominique Berninger, who worked there from 1925 to 1932. During this time he served as job captain for their design project of the at , , a project that cost around $1,250,000. Kahn and Berninger had met while working at the firm and went on to form the in Philadelphia, a short-lived collaborative society from 1932 to 1935 before Kahn took a job with the , while Berninger commenced his own practice in 1933 and later formed the partnership of , the predecessor firm of .

As a young man in 1930 through 1932, Louis Kahn worked for both Cret and for Z& B. The firm also worked with former collaborators sculptor and iconographer , among others.

The firm dissolved in 1950.

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Philadelphia Museum Of Art Joins With Two International Institutions To Publish Massive Marcel Duchamp Archives Online

The Philadelphia Museum of Art, which holds the largest collection of artworks by Marcel Duchamp in the world, has joined with the Centre Pompidou and Association Marcel Duchamp in Paris to combine all of their archival holdings online and make them freely available to the public.

The Duchamp Research Portal, which went live Monday, covers the entirety of the enigmatic artists life and work in France and the United States, through archival documents, correspondence, and supporting images. The portal can be found at .

It is a vast online trove of Duchampiana, a virtual readymade, now available to scholars, artists, and the general public all over the world.

The portal gives access to about 18,000 documents and artworks and nearly 50,000 digitized images related to Duchamps work and life, his family and friendships, and his connections in the avant-garde art community, including his associations with Cubism, Dada, and Surrealism.

In a statement, PMA director and chief executive Timothy Rub said that people are seeking richer online art experience, which the museum can now provide through what Rub deemed an exceptional collaboration.

In a way, the research portal provides a kind of Duchampian experience of its own.

For one thing, anyone interested by the work of a man who took a urinal, signed it R. Mutt, called it Fountain, and put it on a gallery wall as art, will have a field day.

Then there are other allusive documents.

Encyclopedia Of Greater Philadelphia

PennGSE Student Journals: Philadelphia Museum of Art

Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Annunciation

Philadelphia Museum of Art

Thomas Eakins painted The Gross Clinic for Philadelphias 1876 Centennial Exhibition to celebrate the scientific achievements happening in the city. The artist depicted famous surgeon Dr. Samuel Gross in Jefferson Medical Colleges surgical amphitheater demonstrating a new procedure. The Centennial art jury rejected in the painting, claiming the subject matter was too bloody and brutal to display in the art building.

Thomas Jefferson Universitys alumni association bought The Gross Clinic in 1878. The painting hung at the university until 2006, when Jefferson announced plans to sell the painting to fund new medical and educational facilities. A grassroots effort emerged to keep the painting in Philadelphia, after The Crystal Bridges Museum in Bentonville, Arkansas offered to buy it. In 2007, the Philadelphia Museum of Art in a partnership with the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts purchased The Gross Clinic for $68 million. This purchase epitomized the museums dedication to fine art and the city at a time when Philadelphia was investing less in its cultural institutions. However, in an echo of the museum’s 1937 purchase of Cezanne’s The Bathers, some were skeptical as to why $68 million should be spent on a work of art at a time of other pressing social, political, and economic issues.

Philadelphia Museum of Art

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