Church And Cathedral Faades And External Decoration
Romanesque church facades, generally to the west end of the building, are usually symmetrical, have a large central portal made significant by its mouldings or porch, and an arrangement of arched-topped windows. In Italy there is often a single central ocular or wheel window. The common decorative feature is arcading.
Smaller churches often have a single tower that is usually placed to the western end in France or England, either centrally or to one side, while larger churches and cathedrals often have two.
In France, , presents the model of a large French Romanesque facade. It is a symmetrical arrangement of nave flanked by two tall towers each with two buttresses of low flat profile that divide the facade into three vertical units. The lowest stage is marked by large doors, each set within an arch in each of the three vertical sections. The wider central section has two tiers of three identical windows, while in the outer sections there are two tiers of single windows, giving emphasis to the mass of the towers. The towers rise above the facade through three further tiers, the lowest of tall blind arcading, the next of arcading pierced by two narrow windows and the third of two large windows, divided into two lights by a colonnette.
- Facades with towers
Saint-Ãtienne, , Caen, France, 11th century, with its tall towers, three portals and neat definition of architectural forms became a model for the facades of many later cathedrals across Europe. 14th-century spires
Meet The Gibbon Conservation Center’s Sweet Spring Baby
“Each show explores a different theme,” says the Natural History Museum site, so not only do guests get to see a dinosaur on the move, but an educational component adds prehistoric panache to the program.
Seeing a behemoth lived a long, long, long ago tromping through a room? It’s $6 if you’re not a member of the museum, and free if you are.
Your Dinosaur Encounters ticket will be in addition to your museum admission, so do keep that in mind.
Tromp now for roar, we mean more on the welcome return of an imaginative puppet program, one that brings the giants from our jammies, toy boxes, and dino-focused daydreams to spectacular life.
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Natural History Museum Of Los Angeles County Los Angeles Ca
On this snowy winter day in Omaha Im California Dreamin’ about Los Angeles, one of my very favorite cities to visit. I have been fortunate to have spent a lot of time there over the years, and Im always excited to go and experience the sun, the beach, shopping, Hollywood, literally an endless variety of things to see and do. When most people think of Los Angeles, however, dinosaurs and other prehistoric fossils arent often top-of-mind, but L.A. has a lot to offer, with two world-class fossil museums. The largest of these, with some incredible dinosaurs on display, is the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.
Located in Exposition Park, next door to the California Science Center and right between the Los Angeles Coliseum and the University of Southern California campus just southwest of downtown, the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County is a great place to see dinosaurs, especially since the Dinosaur Hall was renovated, enlarged, and re-opened in 2011. This renovation was accompanied by a significant effort to repose the fossils according to the most updated scientific understanding of how these animals lived, and the displays at the Natural History Musem, or LACM, are certainly world-class.
IF I DONT LIKE DINOSAURS, WILL I ENJOY MY VISIT?
WHAT COULD BE BETTER?
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After all, these dinos lived millions of years ago, and we currently do not live millions of years ago, making any modern meet-ups rather impossible.
But not impossible because of “Antarctic Dinosaurs,” the traveling exhibition roaring into the Exposition Park museum on Apr. 3, 2019 for its West Coast debut.
It’s a large-scale show, with so many cool, learn-a-lot components, and it is ready to nest at NHMLA right into, wait for it, early 2020, on Jan. 6.
Prepare to behold “full-sized replicas of four species of dinosaurs,” including the Cryolophosaurus and Glacialisaurus .
A pair of “recently discovered” sauropodomorphs will also be in the spotlight.
Possibly the coolest-of-the-cool, when it comes to this exhibit? You’ll be able to touch real fossils hailing from “lost worlds.”
Of course, the cool-a-tude doesn’t end there, with opportunities to gaze through microscopes and learn more about the work of paleontologists.
Stomp, stomp, stomp: That’s no penguin headed this way, but some biggies of the scaly prehistoric set, the “Antarctic Dinosaurs” that will beguile and fascinate thousands of dino-devoted Southern Californians, starting in early April 2019.
Need more dino-tastic knowledge? Information will be shared soon, on the Natural History Museum site. Rrawr!
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Natural History Museum Of Los Angeles Countydate: July 2011 Scope: 10000 Square Feet
Evidence Design partnered with the curatorial team at Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County to develop their signature fossil galleries as a cornerstone of the institutions renovation program. The Dinosaur Hall transforms the 1913 and 1920 galleries into a breathtaking series of specimen-rich investigative environments that showcase the museums extensive collection. Evidence Design introduced significant architectural revisions, such as adding large windows to illuminate the once darkened space. A new mezzanine vertically links the two galleries, improves circulation and provides dramatic views of the specimens.
Articulated platforms represent quasi-landscapes, breathing life into the dynamically posed mounts, minimizing the use of glass barriers and allowing guests nearly unfettered views.Visitors to the Dinosaur Hall will learn to observe, question, hypothesize, construct and challenge theories of the past as scientists do, gaining a greater understanding of the dinosaurs that successfully roamed Earth for 180 million years.
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The Organization Of The Dinosaur Halls
The Museums dinosaur exhibits are organized to reflect evolutionary relationships, and a walk through the exhibition halls is like a walk along the trunk, branches, and twigs of the evolutionary tree for
A thick black line on the floor, which starts in this hall and continues through the Hall of Vertebrate Origins, the the , the , and the , denotes the trunk of this tree.
Explore the Museum’s world-famous dinosaur fossil collection on this .
Branching points along the main path that represent the evolution of new anatomical features, such as the hole in the center of the hip socket. At each branching point, visitors can walk off the main path to explore alcoves containing a group of closely related dinosaurs.
were an extremely diverse group of plant-eating sauropsids . Many had complex and often bizarre adaptations for defense, display, feeding, and locomotion. The group includes armored dinosaurs, such as Stegosaurus and Anklyosaurus duckbills and their relatives and the horned and dome-headed dinosaurs, such as Triceratops and Pachycephalosaurus.
include the giant plant-eating sauropods and the carnivorous theropods. This hall features the imposing mounts of Tyrannosaurus rex and Apatosaurus. The saurischian hand is the key to the group’s remarkable history. Saurischians are characterized by grasping hands, in which the thumb is offset from the other fingers.
Miriam And Ira D Wallach Orientation Center
The introduces visitors to key concepts presented in the Museums fourth-floor fossil halls, which display 600 fossil specimensincluding more than 250 mammal fossil specimens and approximately 100 dinosaur fossil specimens. Eighty-five percent of specimens are actual fossils, as opposed to casts or reproductions. It is also home to the life-sized cast of a 122-foot-long sauropod dinosaur Patagotitan mayorum discovered in 2014.
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About Natural History Museum Of Los Angeles County
Discover the world past and present. Encounter dinosaurs, experience nature and stroll through extensive Nature Gardens, explore North American and African animal dioramas, marvel at one of the most impressive gems and mineral collections in the world, discover how L.A. came to be in the Becoming Los Angeles exhibit, and more!
Dinosaur Discoveries: Explore Dinosaur Hall with over 300 real fossils, and 20 complete dinosaurs and ancient sea creatures including theworlds only Tyrannosaurus rex growth series. Get a behind the scenes look at how scientists work on fossils at Dino Lab. Watch as dinosaurs come to life with Dinosaur Encounters show.
The Nature of Things: Stroll through extensive Nature Gardens to discover its hidden secrets and the wildlife it attracts. Get hands-on anddiscover true stories about plants and animals in Nature Lab.
Age of Mammals: Journey through the epic evolutionary story that spans 65 million years. See 240 specimens, including skeletons from mastodons to whales, animal dioramas from North American and Africa, and more.
Becoming Los Angeles: This ultimate stop to learn how nature and culture molded Los Angeles into the city it is today and how it continues to shape its identity.
Church And Cathedral East Ends
The eastern end of a Romanesque church is almost always semi-circular, with either a high chancel surrounded by an ambulatory as in France, or a square end from which an apse projects as in Germany and Italy. Where square ends exist in English churches, they are probably influenced by churches. Peterborough and Norwich Cathedrals have retained round east ends in the French style. However, in France, simple churches without apses and with no decorative features were built by the who also founded many houses in England, frequently in remote areas.
- East ends
Rural church of SÃ£o Pedro de Lourosa, Portugal, built in the 10th century it has the simplest type of square-shape apsidal east end.
The small church of Saint-Pierre Xhignesse, Belgium, already has a semi-circular termination at the same height as the choir and nave.
The small church of Saint-Andreas , Poland, built in the 13th century has an apsidal east end projecting from a chancel.
The , Catalonia, has an apsidal east end projecting at a lower level to the choir and decorated with an arcade below the roofline. This form is usual in Italy and Germany.
The has a high apsidal end surrounded by an ambulatory and with small projecting apses
Saint-Ãtienne, Nevers, displays a round chancel with ambulatory, apsidal chapels and strongly projecting transepts
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This Exhibit Is Now Closed See Current Exhibits
Embark on an adventure to uncover never-before-seen dinosaur fossils from one of the most isolated environments on Earth.
Antarctic Dinosaurs at the Natural History Museum of Utah is an immersive experience, transporting visitors back 200 million years to discover what life was like in prehistoric Antarctica.
Antarctic Dinosaurs guides visitors through what was once a lush, thriving continent. Discover fossils from four Antarctic dinosaur species, get hands-on experience with real tools to learn how paleontologists had to carefully extract them from the now frozen landscape and understand how research of these fossils sheds new light on our planets ever-changing climate and geology.
Join the thrilling expedition at the Natural History Museum of Utah.
Reservations are required to visit the Museum.
Natural History Museum Of Los Angeles County: Hours Address Natural History Museum Of Los Angeles County Reviews: 45/5
- Expo Park/USC 4 min walk
- Expo/Vermont 4 min walk
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Dinosaurs And The Natural History Museum Of Los Angeles
When you have a little guy that is obsessed with everything dinosaur, you eventually have to start branching out to find new places to go. To our surprise, there was one place we had overlooked with a startling collection of dinosaur fossils as well as a multitude of other creaturesthe Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. So we packed up for a nice adventure earlier this week and embarked westward to our neighbor city.
The museum turned out to be easy enough to find and makes an impressive first impression. The Gothic architecture gives it an aura of distinction and respectability and once you step through the front doors it immediately feels more laid back and easy going, in true California fashion.
The main feature of the Dinosaur Hall has got to be the T-Rex growth series. This is the only place in the world where you can see a baby, adolescent, and adult T-Rex on display together. A baby T-Rex is quite a sight! Theyre still rather large, but so little compared to the adult.
Naturally they had quite a bit more than just the T-Rexs. Complete Triceratops, Stegosaurus, Brachiosaurus, and many more than most of us could name are all to be found in the Dinosaur Hall. In total, they have over 300 fossils and 20 complete dinosaurs on display and all with interactive kid-friendly learning stations and videos.
Admission And Planning Information
Heres what surprised me as a non-member: Kids 4 and under are free while adults are $12. With $10 for parking that was a very worthwhile $22 spent. The $10 covers parking for Exposition Park so you can also visit the California Science Center or the California African American Museum on the same day. Youll really only need a half day maximum at the Natural History Museum. We were there for 90 minutes, which is about when La Jolla Girl usually gets tired. Theres a large grassy area in front where families were picnicking.
Next time youre passing through Los Angeles, stop at the museums. Next, I think well hit the La Brea Tar Pits. And, dont forget we have some right here in San Diego at the San Diego Natural History Museum .
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Natural History Museum Of Los Angeles County
|The east entrance and façade|
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The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County is the largest natural and historical museum in the western United States. Its collections include nearly 35 million specimens and artifacts and cover 4.5 billion years of history. This large collection is comprised not only of specimens for exhibition, but also of vast research collections housed on and offsite.
The museum is associated with two other museums in Greater Los Angeles: the Page Museum at the La Brea Tar Pits in Hancock Park and the William S. Hart Ranch and Museum in Newhall. The three museums work together to achieve their common mission: “to inspire wonder, discovery, and responsibility for our natural and cultural worlds.”
Romanesque Castles Houses And Other Buildings
The Romanesque period was a time of great development in the design and construction of defensive architecture. After churches and the monastic buildings with which they are often associated, castles are the most numerous type of building of the period. While most are in ruins through the action of war and politics, others, like William the Conqueror’s White Tower within the have remained almost intact.
In some regions, particularly Germany, large were built for rulers and bishops. Local lords built in the countryside, while rich merchants built grand . In Italy, city councils constructed , while wealthy cities of Northern Europe protected their trading interests with and commercial premises. All over Europe, dwellers of the town and country built houses to live in, some of which, sturdily constructed in stone, have remained to this day with sufficient of their form and details intact to give a picture of the style of domestic architecture that was in fashion at the time.
Examples of all these types of buildings can be found scattered across Europe, sometimes as isolated survivals like the two merchants’ houses on opposite sides of Steep Hill in , and sometimes giving form to a whole medieval city like in Tuscany, Italy. These buildings are the subject of a separate article.
- Secular and domestic architecture
- Romanesque Revival architecture
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Transitional Style And The Continued Use Of Romanesque Forms
During the 12th century, features that were to become typical of began to appear. It is not uncommon, for example, for a part of building that has been constructed over a lengthy period extending into the 12th century, to have very similar arcading of both semi-circular and pointed shape, or windows that are identical in height and width, but in which the later ones are pointed. This can be seen on the towers of and on the western towers and facade at . Other variations that appear to hover between Romanesque and Gothic occur, such as the facade designed by at the Abbey of Saint-Denis, which retains much that is Romanesque in its appearance, and the Facade of , which, despite its Gothic form, has round arches.
Abbot Suger’s innovative choir of the , 1140â44, led to the adoption of the Gothic style by Paris and its surrounding area, but other parts of France were slower to take it up, and provincial churches continued to be built in the heavy manner and rubble stone of the Romanesque, even when the openings were treated with the fashionable pointed arch.
Germany was not quick to adopt the Gothic style, and when it did so in the 1230s, the buildings were often modelled very directly upon French cathedrals, as was modelled on Amiens. The smaller churches and abbeys continued to be constructed in a more provincial Romanesque manner, the date only being registered by the pointed window openings.